What is Fruit? , Fruit Types | 20 Types of Fruits
In this article, we will talk about all the facts related to fruits. What are fruits, what are the types of fruits, what are the characteristics of fruits, what are the properties of fruits, etc. Important information will be known in this article.
Fruit is the main part of the plant, after fertilization, the fruit is formed from the ovary of the zygote. The mature ovary is called the fruit. The fruit mainly consists of two parts, the pericap and the seed. True fruit and other parts of the flower develop only from the ovary; For example, fruits developed in flowers, sepals etc. are called false fruits. For example, the transformation of ovary into fruit without fertilization in apple, mulberry, pear etc. is called parthenogenesis.
These fruits are usually seedless, for example, banana, papaya, orange, pineapple etc. The fruit protects the new seeds and helps in seed dispersal.
- What Is Cell || 20 Important Questions and Answers related to Cell
- IBPS Clerk Bharti 2022 Recruitment for 6035 posts of IBPS Clerk
- Mi Kis Desh Ki Company Hai? || Who is the owner of MI company?
STRUCTURE OF FRUITS
A fruit consists of a pericarp and a seed. The fruit wall (PERICARP) develops from the wall of the ovary. Fruit wall is differentiated into outer fruit wall (Epicarp), middle fruit wall (Mesocarp) and inner fruit wall (endocarp).
The seed is formed from the ovule after fertilization. The seed coat (SEED COAT) of the ovule is near the fruit wall.
Epicarp – This is the outermost layer. Which is thin, soft or hard. It becomes the peel of the fruit.
Mesocarp – It is thick fleshy and edible, like the yellow edible part of the mango, but the coconut has fibrous hair.
Endocarp – This is the innermost layer, in common coconut berry it is hard but in the form of a thin membrane in dates, oranges. The seed coat is at the end of the fruit wall.
Type of Fruits
There are many variations in the fruits of angiosperms, broadly they are kept in three categories.
(i) Simple Fruit
(ii) Succulent fruits
(iii) Dry Fruit
These fruits develop from monoepiary or multiple ovules and ovules. These fruits are pulpy or dry. Under this, dry fruits like groundnut, water chestnut, cashew and pulpy fruits like mango, lemon etc.
It is a monoecious fruit, which develops from monoepiary or multiple ovule and ovule. In these fruits the fruit wall is divided into outer, middle and inner fruit wall and the inner fruit wall is woody. Example mango, plum, pistachio.
Berry is a fruit with one or many seeds, which develop from the ovary, ovule and ovary.
Fruit wall is differentiated into outer, middle and inner fruit wall.
Example: Tomato, Papaya, Grapes, Chili.
It is a root fruit because it helps in making fruits along with the ovaries.
The main fruit Panchandapi and Yuktandpi are formed from the ovaries, but are not edible, Pushpasana, which forms a juicy and fleshy part around the ovary, is eaten. Example apple, laucata.
It often develops from the ovary having multiple oviparous, ovate ovule, ovary and wall ovule. The outer fruit wall forms a hard rind, and the middle and inner fruit wall are juicy and edible. Example: Plants of Cucurbitaceae family.
These fruits develop from multi-carious, yucto-carpal, ovate ovary.
Columnar oviposition takes place in the ovary. The outer fruit wall is thick and in the form of a peel, in which many oil glands are found.
Therefore, the fruit wall is present in the form of a membrane over each cleavage, from which many glandular follicles emerge, which form the edible part of the fruit. Example orange, lemon.
Types of Dry Fruits
There are three types of dry fruits
Characteristics and types of explosive dry fruits, When this fruit matures, the fruit wall bursts.
The following types of explosive dry fruits are:
Legume or pod
It develops from an erect, monoecious, unicellular ovary. Mature fruits erupt from both sutures from the apex to the base, eg: members of the family Fabaceae.
It develops from the erect, monoecious, unicellular ovary, but mature fruits burst from the ventral suture. Example: Madar Delphinium.
It is polygynous and dicotyledonous fruit, which develops from dioecious, ovate ovule, erect ovary. Eruption occurs from bottom to top and the seeds are attached to the larynx or rappel. Example – Cruciferi.
Silicula Small, broad and flattened siliqua, eg: capsella
It develops from the ovary, sometimes ovoid, erect, sometimes ovoid. There are different types of fruiting of these fruits. Examples: stomata-poppy, collateral-cotton, hetoid-lineum, ribbed, datura and transverse, portulaca
Characteristics and types of dry fruits
In non-blasted dry fruits, the fruit wall does not burst when the fruit is mature.
These fruits are unicellular and unicellular, and develop from monocyte and erect ovary. Their fruit wall is different from the seed coat. Examples: Clematis, Narvillea.
These are unicellular and unicellular fruits, which develop from the monoecious, vertical ovary, their fruit wall is combined with the seed coat. Example- Gramini family plants.
These are unicellular and unicellular fruits, which develop from dioecious, ovate, ovate, ovary, their fruit wall is separated from the seed coat, in which the sepals are converted into pappus, which is helpful in the parachute process of dispersal. Example: Members of the Composite family.
Unicellular and unicellular fruits, which develop from dioecious or multi-carpic, ovate ovate, upright ovary, fruit wall hard and woody. Example: Cashew water chestnut, litchi.
These are monoecious fruits, which develop from dioecious, ovule and ovary. Their fruit wall is flat like a wing and is helpful in propagation by wind. Example: Holoptera, Hiptage
The fruit splits into many single-seeded phalanxes as the two seeds sink into the fruit wall of the seed as it matures.
These are the modifications of the pods, which develop from the ovules, unicellular and erect. They are divided into mericarps. Example: Peanuts, Mimosa, Acacia
These fruits develop from Triandpi, Yuktaandpi, Urdhva ovary. When the fruit matures, it splits into three amorphous seeded spores (cocci), eg: ricinus, geranium.
These fruits are dioecious and dicotyledonous and develop from the dioecious, ovoid ovary. On ripening of the ovary, the fruit is divided into two amorphous parts, which are called phalanx,
Example: Members of the Ambeliferi family.
These fruits develop from dioecious or multiple ovate, ovate ovate, erect ovary. Due to the formation of K on the code, many unicorns are formed in them. Example: Ocimum, Abutilon.
These fruits develop from dioecious, ovate and ovoid ovary. In these, the fruit wall spreads and forms two flat sides. When ripe, the fruit splits into two unicellular parts. Example: Acer, Hiptage.
These are actually a group of fruitlets, which develop from the polycarpous, dioecious carpels. A small fruit is formed from each carpel. These are of the following types:
Etaerio of follicles
In this fruit, each miniature is a follicle, and all the miniatures are attached as a cluster on the enlarged inflorescence. Example: Madar, evergreen.
Etaerio of Berries
In this, many juicy fruits are placed around a pulpy wreath. Example: Polyalthia, Sharifa.
Etaerio of drupes
Many small pinnate flowers develop from the various carpels of the flower, and the fleshy stems are attached to the inflorescence. Example: Raspberry.
Etaerio of Achenes
Every small fruit is a akine. Examples: Narwellia, Clematis, Rose.
(Availed fruits develop from the entire inflorescence, also called infructescence.
These are of two types:
Shoeki, spadix or catkin develop from the inflorescences. The bracts and periphery of each flower become fleshy and juicy, and their flower stalk also becomes thick and fleshy. Example jackfruit, pineapple, mulberry.
It develops from the hypanthodium inflorescence. The inflorescences form a pear-shaped hollow cavity, above which there is a hole surrounded by small scales. Pushpasana makes the pulp edible part.
Properties, uses and benefits of fruits (Fruits Benefits in Hindi)
Fruits are very useful for our health. Fruits supply our body with minerals and vitamins, which are very important for our body to function properly.
Fiber-rich fruits help in increasing the digestive power. Eating fruits also gives enough energy.
Fruits provide the ability to fight health related problems such as heat stroke, high blood pressure, cancer, heart disease and diabetes.
Nutrients are found in almost all fruits. Healthy diet and fruits provide relief from diseases when the body is suffering from diseases.
Not only are important vitamins and minerals found in fruits, but their consumption also keeps the digestive system healthy. Although any type of fruit is beneficial for your overall health, fruits with higher amounts of specific nutrients are more beneficial than other varieties.
Fruit peels contain high amounts of fiber which is very useful in the excretion process of our body. Although the skins of some fibrous fruits that cannot be eaten such as lemons, bananas, melons and oranges, the rest of them contain a sufficient amount of fiber.
Fruits are rich in 90-95% water content, which makes it easier to flush out unwanted nitrogenous toxins from the body.
Important facts about fruits
The leaves of Victoria amazonica are the largest.
In addition to the radicle, adventitious roots arise from the branches and leaves of plants.
When unisexual, bisexual and unisexual flowers are found on the same plant, it is called polygamous; For example, Mango (Mangifera indica), Polygonum.
When a flower has only stamens, it is called staminate and when it has only female genitalia, it is called pistil. The entire inflorescence of cabbage is used as food.
Due to the gradual change of climate in different seasons of the year at a place, the activity of cambium varies, due to which thick vessels are found in spring and thin vessels in autumn. display. The age of the tree is determined by counting these rings. The study of annual rings is called Dendrochronology.
The cork is formed on the outer side of the plant by the cambium. When mature, it becomes dead and a substance called suberin accumulates. An example of this is the cork used in bottles, which is obtained from a plant called Curcus suber.
How do you define a fruit?
A fruit is a mature, ripened ovary, along with the contents of the ovary. The ovary is the ovule-bearing reproductive structure in the plant flower. The ovary serves to enclose and protect the ovules, from the youngest stages of flower development until the ovules become fertilized and turn into seeds.
What is a fruit Class 6?
A fruit is the soft, pulpy part of a flowering plant that contains seeds. It is formed from the ovaries of angiosperms and is exclusive only to this group of plants. Fruits are classified into four types namely: Simple fruits. Aggregate fruits.
What is fruit and types?
Fruits are classified according to the arrangement from which they derive. There are four types—simple, aggregate, multiple, and accessory fruits. Simple fruits develop from a single ovary of a single flower and may be fleshy or dry.